**Fractions:**

A Fraction, simply defined, is a part or a portion of a whole. For example, a slice of pie is a part of the whole pie.

**Representation:**

Fractions consist of 2 numbers that are separated by a Dash “___” or a Slash “/”.

The number above the dash is called “Numerator.”

The number below the dash is called “Denominator.”

*Consider that a pie is divided into 5 parts, then each piece shows 1/5 portion of the whole pie.*

**Subtraction and Addition**

Case 1 If the denominator of fractions is same, simply add/subtract the numerators and write denominator as it is. |

Case 2 If the denominator of the fractions is different, make the denominators same by multiplying and dividing a suitable number. Once denominator becomes same, add or subtract the numerator and write denominator as it is. |

**Multiplication**

For multiplication, follow the following steps:

- Multiply numerator with numerator
- Multiply denominator with denominator
- Write new values as numerators and denominators.

**Division**

For division follow following steps:

- Take reciprocal (write numerator as denominator and denominator as numerator) of one of the fractions in division equation, For example: Reciprocal of 1/5 is 5/1
- After taking reciprocal convert division sign into multiplication and follow multiplication rules.

**References:**